Due to thermal insulation, the room remains cooler in summer and warmer in winter than outside. Hence, a room provided with thermal insulation gives comfort both in summer and winter. … This results in less quantity of energy required for maintaining the desired temperature in the room
Thermal insulation, thermal insulation materials, insulation materials
Minimizing energy losses through heat transfer, strengthening the safety of goods and people, reducing environmental pollution and the greenhouse effect are some of the main objectives covered by methods such as thermal insulation.
The ability to control the transmission of heat when it is desired that it does not exceed certain limits is possible through the use of thermal insulating products, responsible for reducing the heat transmission of the structure on which it is installed.
THERMAL INSULATION TO CONTROL HEAT TRANSMISSION
The thermal insulation function is developed by a material or system designed for different functions. In this sense, for example, it is possible that a load wall in a building meets the insulation requirements, while in other cases this same system is not sufficient and requires an additional insulating material to cover the requirements related to the transmission of temperature.
Nowadays, regulations such as the Technical Building Code (CTE) or the Regulation of Thermal Installations in Buildings (RITE) determine the obligation in the sector to meet minimum energy efficiency requirements, both in new buildings and in new buildings. Those who are going to undergo rehabilitation processes.
The thermal insulation can be useful to avoid temperature transfers that hinder the process in the industrial environment due to inadmissible thermal differences. Also, if there is not enough thermal insulation, the external surface temperatures can be high, to the point of causing injuries or accidents to people. Likewise, it could reach the limit of generating combustion and fire effects incombustible materials close to this type of surface.
As specified in previous lines, thermal insulation can be very useful as an energy saving method, allowing the amortization of insulating material incorporated in reduced periods of time such as a few brief weeks.
On the other hand, it must be borne in mind that a large percentage of the energy used in thermal processes comes from the transformation of a fuel by exothermic reaction with the environmental oxygen.
Due to its organic origin, most of the chemical composition of these fuels is coal (C), with more variable percentages of hydrogen (H), sulfur (S), oxygen (O) and nitrogen (N).
The most abundant atmospheric pollutant that is produced is known as Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and in smaller proportions others such as sulfur dioxide (SO2) or carbon monoxide (CO). The estimated volume of CO2 that is thrown into the atmosphere worldwide is estimated at around 20,000 million tons per year.
Energy consumption and environmental pollution are two factors that are linked, given that the polluting levels in the atmosphere could be reduced if we bet on a more efficient use of energy.
It is not so much about not consuming energy, but about doing it better by adopting techniques that allow spending less to achieve the same goal. As an effective solution to reduce this consumption in the industrial field, it determines that all thermal processes in closed spaces advocate the adoption of thermal insulation systems, carefully studied in both quality and thickness.
There are materials that due to their low thermal conductivity may reduce the transfer of heat to or from the environment. This type of material must meet a series of minimum requirements related to factors such as dimensions, temperature, density, fire resistance, and water absorption and heat transfer properties. Its insulating power is the higher the lower its connectivity.
The rock wool, for example, is one of the compounds used in these materials. The feeling formed in the chain is constituted by interwoven fibers, which will prevent convection currents of air. The fibers, in contact with each other, will allow the transmission of heat by conduction until they finally exchange energy with each other by means of radiation.
Rock wool is incombustible and resistant to external agents such as acids, air or water vapor. The pH of the composition ensures a greater stability to the fiber, even in a humid environment and guarantees the user the non-existence of corrosion of the metals in contact with it.
A product especially indicated for thermal insulation in the industry at high temperatures is another type of mineral wool called “rock wool”, made from basaltic rocks, so you will get a product with complementary properties to wool. Glass.
In Flame Retardant Control we offer solutions based on rock wool mortar projection on garage roofs and roofs or the placement of rigid panels of this mineral wool and fiberglass to achieve maximum thermal insulation.