American Ankle And Foot Orthopedic Society researched that, 4 out of 1 people have flat feet in America, it means about 60 million people have flat feet in the United States.
People who experience a condition of a flat foot are asymptomatic. They feel no pain, discomfort, and enjoy a normal leg and foot function. However, some people feel foot pain when they get older due to flat feet. Some people used to have common arches and they also get the flat feet.
The Origin and Nature of Flat Feet
Flat feet is also known by different names like fallen arches and Pes Planus. Many people consider flat feet to be a problem because they don’t seem normal because there is no arch present. Usually, this condition is the outcome of an underlying condition although some people receive it from their origins.
When a person has no arch in the bottom of the foot, it makes the foot flat while in a standing position. The bottom of each foot would be completely, or partially, touching the floor.
Common Symptoms of Flat Feet
Some cases of a flat foot are not critical but discomfort and pain can limit cause discomfort and movement. Flat foot condition includes some of the following symptoms.
● Foot fatigue
● Aching or painful feet, especially in the arches and heel
● Inflammation inside sole of the feet.
● A difficulty and problem in moving foot such as standing on your toes.
● Leg and back pain
● Over-pronation (extreme inward rolling of the feet which cause injuries)
Treatments for Flat Feet
There are several treatments for fallen arches or flat feet and they are based on the severity and cause of the condition. A doctor may suggest one or more remedies or treatments to address the symptoms.
5 steps to fix problems caused by flat feet :
● Icing and rest to reduce swelling and pain.
● Stretching exercises
● Pain relief medicines including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines
● Physical therapy
● The use of shoe inserts or orthotic devices, casts, shoe modifications, and braces.
Patients can relieve foot pain caused by flat feet by wearing shoes that provide good support and fit well. Orthotics can help to reduce the pressure from the foot and arch for people who over-pronate. Ankle braces, when worn, can also support to decrease swelling who suffer posterior tibial tendinitis.
Lastly, proper weight management also enhances symptoms considerably in overweight patients. A doctor may suggest weight loss for overweight patients to diminish the stress on the feet.
Treatment of Flat feet:
Your doctor can guide you about the right medication and treatment for any of the following:
● Sore feet despite using of well-fitting shoes
● The worning of shoes get easy.
● The feet flatness is worsening
● Stiffness, numbness of the feet
To review on the function and movement of your feet closely, the specialist will closely examine the back and front of your foot and doctor can also ask you to stand on your toes. He can further check the pattern of your shoe which you wear.
Some tests of images may be needed for more causes, diagnosis, symptoms, and underlying conditions like CT scan, Ultrasound, x-rays, and MRI.
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