Diamond is made of pure carbon, so its formula is C; its hardness is ten, the maximum index on the Mohs scale, which means that it is scratchable only by another diamond. This does not prevent it from being brittle. It is transparent to adamantine luster, with a density of 3.52. Insoluble in acids and bases, it has a cubic crystalline system, its break is conchoidal, its luminescence is blue to greenish and it has no pleochroism.
The different colors of diamond
The most famous diamonds are the most colorless, but these gorgeous gems also come in shades of blue, gray, pink, green, blue-gray, yellow-brown, and even black. This last type of diamond, very rare, comes from the space where it would have been formed about 3 billion years ago. Its chemical structure is different from terrestrial diamond (they are polycrystalline aggregates) and it includes hematite.
GENESIS AND DIAMOND PRODUCING COUNTRIES
Diamond is formed in volcanic magma when the carbon is subjected to very high pressures and heat greater than 5000 degrees. Since it consists solely of carbon, it is said to be an allotrope of graphite, which is the natural presentation of carbon at ordinary pressure and temperature. The main diamond deposits are located in African countries in the southern hemisphere, as well as in Brazil, Russia, China, India, and Canada. Australia, Botswana, Russia, Congo, and South Africa contain the largest mined mines today.
THE ADVICE OF OUR GEMOLOGIST: HOW TO EVALUATE THE QUALITY OF A DIAMOND?
The value of a diamond is essentially based on four criteria:
The Color (Color in English):
The color, from white to pale yellow, is evaluated by a letter from D to Z. The D, like “diamond”, indicates a perfectly colorless gem. It is better to choose a stone classified between D and I.
The highest purity corresponds to the absence of discernible irregularity in magnification x10. Any impurities present in a diamond can take the form of tiny inclusions or microscopic fluff. A classification is established with the letters FL (absence of irregularity with the microscope x10), IF, VVS1, VVS2, VS1, VS2, SI1, SI2, SI3, P1, P2, P3 (numerous inclusions visible with the naked eye and affecting brilliance). Healing Wands is the best option for you.
It is measured in carats, knowing that a carat is worth 0.2 gram and that the karats used for the precious stones have nothing to do with those which concern the alloys of metals. A carat can be divided into 100 points, so we can talk about a 20-point diamond equivalent to 0.20 carat.
The Size (Cut)
It obeys very precise rules to reveal all the brilliance of the gem. The flat upper part is called the table, the other small surfaces are the facets and their angles are calculated in a scientific way to play the most beautiful way with the light (reflection and dispersion).
METALS ASSOCIATED WITH DIAMOND JEWELRY
In jewelry, the metals most frequently associated with diamonds are platinum, a particularly strong metal, and white gold. The latter is composed of 75% gold, alloyed with silver, copper, zinc, sometimes palladium, with a light layer of rhodium. The jewelry diamond yellow gold is rare but is an original and valuable alternative.
MAINTENANCE OF YOUR DIAMOND
Careful cleaning with water and dishwashing liquid, followed by rinsing with hot water, is usually sufficient to maintain your gem. If dirt has crept under the crimped stone, you can boil it in water, with a drop of dishwashing liquid and some other bleach. The diamond fears shock: its hardness means it is difficult to scratch, but it is not shatterproof.
HISTORY AND LEGENDS AROUND THE DIAMOND
The word diamond comes from the Latin low “Adamas”, denoting the magnet or any hard metal. The meaning comes from the private “a” and “domare”, to tame. The diamond, indomitable, inflexible, is eternal … If we take care! The first diamonds are harvested in Indian rivers three thousand years ago. He is quoted in Buddhist, Hindu, Jainist and Tibetan religious texts. The pharaohs wore it as a symbol of the sun in the middle of the ankh, the cross of life. It is also the Egyptians who are at the origin of the engagement ring worn on the 3rd finger, connected to the “vein of the heart”.
The Dravidians, non-Aryan and Himalayan peoples of India, used the carob seed as a standard for measuring the mass of diamonds, and it is this unit of weight that the carat still represents today (from the Greek Keration, carob tree). Some exceptional diamonds are known: thus, the Regent, which weighs 27.4 grams and is preserved in the Louvre, is the purest diamond. The Cullinan, in the Tower of London, is the largest in the world: it weighed more than 620 grams before the size. In 2014, astronomers discovered a star, a white dwarf, essentially composed of crystallized carbon … A diamond star, in short! Located in the constellation Centaurus, 50 light years from Earth, it is 4022 km in diameter and is perhaps the largest diamond in the entire galaxy! Astronomers have discovered a star, a white dwarf, essentially composed of crystallized carbon … A diamond star, in short! Located in the constellation Centaurs, 50 light years from Earth, it is 4022 km in diameter and is perhaps the largest diamond in the entire galaxy! Astronomers have discovered a star, a white dwarf, essentially composed of crystallized carbon … A diamond star, in short! Located in the constellation Centaurs, 50 light years from Earth, it is 4022 km in diameter and is perhaps the largest diamond in the entire galaxy!
VIRTUES AND BENEFITS OF DIAMONDS
The diamond is obviously a great symbol of purity. It has the reputation of being very powerful, which implies that the one who wears it or uses it in lithotherapy must be pure and irreproachable himself, otherwise, the opposing forces will turn against him. Diamond is a purifier and an energy amplifier. It would be protective against the harmful energies and anxieties that hinder action and clarity of thought. The blue diamond, placed on the skin at the level of a diseased organ, would accelerate its healing.
ASTROLOGICAL CORRESPONDENCE OF THE DIAMOND
Diamond is associated with Aries, a sign full of youth, impulsiveness, and energy. He would promote love and understanding, and also act on the signs of Leo and Taurus. It is a symbol of eternal love. In Chinese astrology, it is linked to the sign of the pig. This sign is considered diplomatic, delicate and pleasant in luxury.
The diamond is the gemstone attached to the birth month of April. The diamond wedding celebrates 60 years of marriage.